Green News

 

Bangkok Climate Change Conference - August 2012

The informal additional sessions of the AWG-LCA, AWG-KP and ADP were held at the United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC) of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), in Bangkok, Thailand from Thursday, 30 August to Wednesday, 5 September.

Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012

The 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol opened on Monday, 26 November and continued until Saturday, 8 December 2012 at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha, Qatar.

Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2013

The second session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2) took place between 29 April -

3 May 2013 at the World Conference Center Bonn, in Bonn, Germany.

Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013

The thirty-eighth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 38) and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 38), as well as the second part of the second session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP 2-2) was held at Maritim Hotel from 3-14 June 2013 in Bonn, Germany.

Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013

The Warsaw Climate Change Conference 2013 concluded successfully! Key decisions adopted at this conference include decisions on further advancing the Durban Platform, the Green Climate Fund and Long-Term Finance, the Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus, the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage and other decisions.

Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2014

The fortieth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 40) and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 40), as well as the June session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) are taking place from 4-15 June 2014 in Bonn, Germany. Two high-level ministerial events under the Kyoto Protocol and the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action were held on 5 and 6 June.

Bonn Climate Change Conference - October 2014

The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) will hold the sixth part of its second session from 20-25 October 2014 in Bonn, Germany.

New! Scenario note on the sixth part of the second session of the ADP

Lima Climate Change Conference - December 2014

The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties and the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will be held from 1 to 12 December. COP 20/CMP 10 will be hosted by the Government of Peru, in Lima, Peru.

More information will be made available soon.

 

Geneva (AFP) - Surging levels of carbon dioxide sent greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to a new record in 2013, while oceans, which absorb the emissions, have become more acidic than ever, the UN said on Tuesday.

"We know without any doubt that our climate is changing and our weather is becoming more extreme due to human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels," said Michel Jarraud, the head of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that released a report on the issue on Tuesday. "We must reverse this trend by cutting emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases across the board," Jarraud said in a statement. "We are running out of time," he warned.
Concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide all broke fresh records in 2013, said the report.
Global concentrations of CO2, the main culprit in global warming, soared to 396 parts per million last year, or 142 percent of pre-industrial levels -- defined as before 1750.

Cars line up in Beijing as heavy air pollution shrouds the city on February 26, 2014 (AFP Photo/Mark …
That marked a hike of 2.9 parts per million between 2012 and 2013 alone -- the largest annual increase in 30 years, according to the Greenhouse Gas Bulletin.
The report came ahead of a September 23 summit called by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to try to build momentum for change ahead of talks in Paris next year aimed at forging a historic climate deal that will take effect in 2020.
The UN is seeking to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-Industrial Revolution levels, but scientists say current emission trends could hike temperatures to more than twice that level by century's end.
- 'Pleading ignorance no excuse' -
"We have the knowledge and we have the tools for action to try to keep temperature increases within two degrees Celsius to give our planet a chance and to give our children and grandchildren a future," Jarraud said, insisting that "pleading ignorance can no longer be an excuse for not acting".

The world's oceans absorb some four kilos (8.8 pounds) of CO2 per person every day (AFP Photo/Gr …
Professor Dave Reay, chair in Carbon Management at the University of Edinburgh reacted with dismay to the report. "This is the litmus test when it comes to our efforts to reduce emissions and on this evidence we are failing," he said.
Tuesday's report also showed that so-called radiative forcing, or the warming effect on our climate attributed to greenhouse gases like CO2, increased 34 percent from 1990 to 2013. A quarter of emissions are absorbed by the oceans, while another quarter are sucked into the biosphere, naturally limiting rates of warming gases in the atmosphere.
But CO2 remains in the atmosphere for hundreds of years and in the oceans for even longer.

 

 

 

Cattle farming is one of the main contributors to methane gas emissions (AFP Photo/Scott Olson)The gases stored in the oceans also have "far-reaching impacts", WMO warned, since more CO2 in the water leads to increased acidity, altering the ocean ecosystem. Every day the world's oceans absorb some four kilos (8.8 pounds) of CO2 per person each day, WMO said, calling current ocean acidification levels "unprecedented at least over the last 300 million years". And things will only get worse, Jarraud said.
"Past, present and future CO2 emissions will have a cumulative impact on both global warming and ocean acidification," he said, adding that "the laws of physics are non-negotiable".
Wendy Watson-Wright, who heads UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, praised the WMO for including ocean acidification in its annual report for the first time. "If global warming is not a strong enough reason to cut CO2 emissions, ocean acidification should be, since its effects are already being felt and will increase for many decades to come," she said in the statement. Monday's report also showed that methane, the second most important greenhouse gas, reached a new high of around 1,824 parts per billion last year.
With 60 percent of methane emissions attributed to human activities like cattle farming and landfills, hikes in such emissions has put concentrations of the gas in the atmosphere at 253 percent of the level prior to 1750, WMO said. Nitrous Oxide, whose impact on the climate is nearly 300 times greater than CO2, meanwhile had an atmospheric concentration of 325.9 parts per billion last year, or 121 percent of pre-industrial levels, WMO said.

WORST EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE CAN BE AVERTED, SAYS SECRETARY-GENERAL IN MESSAGE FOR WORLD DAY TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION

Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's message for World Day to Combat Desertification, to be observed on 17 June:

Land degradation, caused or exacerbated by climate change, is not only a danger to livelihoods, but also a threat to peace and stability. The warning signs lie in conflict between pastoralists and subsistence farmers competing for more productive land and communities fighting over increasingly scarce water resources. We see the symptoms of insecurity in global food market volatility, internal displacement and mass migration.

While land degradation is acutely felt in the world's arid lands, some 80 per cent is actually occurring outside these areas. More than 1.5 billion people subsist on land that is degrading — the majority of whom are small farmers. Climate change directly threatens their productivity. In many regions, freshwater resources are declining, food-growing areas are shifting and crop yields are faltering.

Globally, unpredictable and extreme weather is predicted to have an even greater impact on food production. With world population rising, it is urgent that we work to build the resilience of all productive land resources and the communities that depend on them. We need to manage the land sustainably, avoid further degradation, and reclaim and repair that which has been damaged. More than 2 billion hectares of land have potential for restoration and rehabilitation. We need to inspire action that will prompt the recovery of these areas.

Recovering land that is degrading will have multiple benefits. We can avert the worst effects of climate change, produce more food and ease competition over resources. We can preserve vital ecosystem services, such as water retention, which protects us from floods or droughts. And a comprehensive and large-scale approach to land recovery can create new jobs, business opportunities and livelihoods, allowing populations to not only survive, but thrive.

The theme of this year's World Day to Combat Desertification is "Land belongs to the future, let's climate-proof it". It can be done, as communities in Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali have shown, by recovering more than 5 million hectares of degraded land. Let us take inspiration from these and other examples and protect and nurture the land for this and future generations.

Read more http://www.un.org/climatechange/blog/2014/06/un-officials-call-for-restoration-of-ecosystems-to-reduce-climate-change-disasters/

White House news

On May 6, the Administration released the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment, the most authoritative and comprehensive source of scientific information to date about climate-change impacts across all U.S. regions and on critical sectors of the economy.

On June 2, the EPA released a proposal that will set the first-ever national carbon pollution standards limits for America's existing power plants

UN news

In December 2012, a UN climate conference in Doha, agreed to a new commitment period for the Kyoto protocol, a treaty that limits the greenhouse gas output of some developed countries, and affirmed a previous decision to adopt a new global climate pact by 2015.